Avoidance of particular foods or allergens in the maternal diet during pregnancy and when breastfeeding, has not been shown to prevent food allergies in infants. Unless there is the presence of maternal food allergy or dietary restrictions (e.g. veganism), all food allergens including dairy, eggs, wheat, peanut and tree nuts should be included in the diet throughout pregnancy. Additional research is required to investigate possible relationships between allergy prevention in infants and maternal diet during pregnancy and when breastfeeding
Pregnant women should eat a varied, healthy balanced diet and ensure good food hygiene practices to optimise the health of their unborn baby. Additional advice on healthy eating during pregnancy can be found on the NHS website.
During pregnancy it is advised that certain foods are avoided or require caution, due to their possible risk associated to food-borne illness and toxicity. These include;